Nubello Care

Scalp Diseases, Disorders and Treatments

What are Scalp Diseases or Disorders?

Scalp diseases are the conditions when the scalp becomes infected with fungus or bacteria. The fungus enters the scalp through the hair follicles as well as from the damaged skin. The skin damage results from these common skin conditions such as psoriasis and eczema. The bacteria that causes most of the scalp infections are folliculitis and impetigo.

Symptoms of scalp infections:

Symptoms in scalp infections vary from redness, itching, and sometimes even pus. Recognizing the differences can help a person get the right treatment. Applying specialized creams or ointments or using a medicated shampoo can usually clear up scalp infections.

Side Effects of Scalp Diseases

Most scalp conditions and diseases lead to hair loss. Further worsening conditions cause severe skin rashes. These conditions are sometimes hereditary. Malnutrition or infection also causes scalp problems. The treatment for scalp disorders depends on the condition, type of infection that is causing the scalp problems.

Different Types of Scalp Disease


Little white flakes on scalp signals dandruff. Annoying when the scalp flakes fall on a dark shirt. Dandruff is simply a buildup of shedding dead skin. Dandruff is not contagious and it is not dangerous, but it can be itchy and lead to hair loss. There is no redness or scabbing of the scalp. It is easily controlled by washing hair with anti-dandruff shampoos. Here are 8 home remedies for dandruff.

Seborrheic Dermatitis

Seborrheic dermatitis, also known as seborrheic eczema. This is a very common skin condition that causes redness, scaly patches, and dandruff. It most often affects the scalp. This condition in infants is called crib cap. The reason for seborrheic dermatitis is an overproduction of oil. An excess amount of oil in the skin might act as an irritant, causing the skin to become red and greasy. The second factor is Malassezia. This is a type of fungus that comes with oily scalps. It can sometimes grow abnormally, causing the skin to secrete more oil than usual. The increased production of oil can lead to seborrheic eczema.

Head Lice

Head lice are common in children. These are the small, wingless, blood-sucking insects. They live in the hair on the head and feed blood from the scalp. An adult louse sizes about a sesame seed. The egg sizes like a small flake of dandruff. Children have the highest risk of getting head lice. It is an unpleasant common part of childhood. Lice kits usually contain a special shampoo that is left on the hair for 10 minutes and then washed out, and a fine-toothed comb to remove any remaining eggs.


Ringworm is an infection that leaves round, scaly, and red rashes. Sometimes causes patches of hair loss on the scalp. Ringworm is most common in 3-7 years old children. It can affect adults also. It is contagious and can spread through close contact. Using an antifungal shampoo may help reduce the risk of spreading the infection to family members. It’s important for anyone who has ringworm to avoid sharing personal items like combs, hats, and towels.


Folliculitis is an infection of the hair follicle. The bacteria staphylococcus cause this infection. It finds its way into the hair follicles from a nearby infection. Few people get folliculitis after taking a dip in a hot tub. This infection looks like small and pus-filled pimples on scalp. Mild cases go away without treatment. In extreme cases, an antibiotic is needed to clear the bacteria. Be sure to keep the affected area clean, cool, and dry.

Pityriasis Amiantacea

This scalp condition can easily be misdiagnosed with psoriasis, seborrhoeic dermatitis or lichen planus due to its similarity. However, in pityriasis amiantacea, the scales are attached to both the hair shaft and the scalp. Pityriasis amiantacea may be present with inflammatory conditions. It can occur along with atopic dermatitis or seborrhoeic dermatitis and sebaceous scales. Alopecia can also be caused. Get the best pityriasis amiantacea treatment in Mumbai at Nubello Aesthetics.

Nubello Aesthetics is one of the top hair clinics in Mumbai with 8+ years in the industry. With best dermatologists, trichologists, Nubello has delivered 10K+ happy clients. Visit Nubello Aesthetics and get a free consultation today on Scalp Diseases. 

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