Here we are going to discuss illnesses that cause hair loss. Hair Loss is a common cause of concern as it may lead to permanent baldness. There are many causes of hair loss.
Illnesses That Cause Hair Loss
There are a number of illnesses that cause hair loss. Some of these illnesses are chronic and also could be life-threatening. So If you see a tremendous amount of hair loss suddenly then its better to talk to your doctor.
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
Following are the Symptoms of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
- weight gain.
- thinning hair due to hair loss
- oily skin or acne
- irregular periods or no periods
Hyperthyroidism is a condition of the thyroid. The thyroid is a small, butterfly-shaped gland located at the front of your neck. It produces tetraiodothyronine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3), which are two primary hormones that control how your cells use energy. Your thyroid gland regulates your metabolism through the release of these hormones.
Hyperthyroidism occurs when the thyroid makes too much T4, T3, or both. The diagnosis of overactive thyroid and treatment of the underlying cause can relieve symptoms and prevent complications.
Following are the Symptoms of Hyperthyroidism
High amounts of T4, T3, or both can cause an excessively high metabolic rate. This is called a hypermetabolic state.
Other symptoms of hyperthyroidism include:
- increased appetite
- rapid heart rate
- hand tremors.
- elevated blood pressure
- inability to concentrate
- irregular heartbeat
- difficulty sleeping
- fine, brittle hair and hair loss
- nausea and vomiting
- breast development in men
Androgenic Alopecia (Male Pattern Baldness)
Androgenic alopecia itself is a disease that causes hair loss in men and women. This disease is also called as Male pattern baldness, which is the most common type of hair loss in men. Over time, men hairline recedes to form a characteristic “M” shape.
Women with female pattern baldness usually experience general hair thinning. As the pattern of hair loss in women differs from male-pattern baldness. In women, the hair becomes thinner all over the head, and the hairline does not recede. Subsequently, Androgenetic alopecia in women rarely leads to total baldness.
Causes of Androgenic Alopecia
One cause of male pattern baldness is genetics or having a family history of baldness. Research has found that male pattern baldness is associated with male sex hormones called androgens. The androgens have many functions, including regulating hair growth.
Each hair on your head has its own growth cycle. With male pattern baldness, this growth cycle begins to weaken. The hair follicle shrinks, producing shorter and finer strands of hair. Eventually, the growth cycle for each hair ends and no new hair grows in its place.
Hereditary hair loss usually has no side effects. However, sometimes this male pattern baldness has more serious medical conditions like certain cancers, medications, thyroid conditions, and anabolic steroids.
A skin biopsy and blood tests also may be necessary to diagnose disorders responsible for hair loss.
Acute Stress Disorder
In the weeks after a traumatic event, you may develop an anxiety disorder called acute stress disorder (ASD).
ASD typically occurs within one month of a traumatic event. It lasts at least three days and can persist for up to one month.
People with ASD have symptoms similar to those seen in post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).
Traumatic events that can cause ASD to include death, a threat of death to oneself or others or the threat to the physical integrity of oneself or others.
Following are the Symptoms of acute stress disorder
- feeling numb, detached, or being emotionally unresponsive
- reduced awareness of your surroundings
- derealization, which occurs when your environment seems strange or unreal to you
- hair loss
- depersonalization, which occurs when your thoughts or emotions don’t seem real or don’t seem like they belong to you
Systemic Sclerosis (Scleroderma)
Systemic sclerosis (SS) is an autoimmune disorder. This means it’s a condition in which the immune system attacks the body.
Healthy tissue is destroyed because the immune system mistakenly thinks it’s a foreign substance or infection. There are many kinds of autoimmune disorders that can affect different body systems.
SS is characterized by changes in the texture and appearance of the skin. This is due to increased collagen production. Collagen is a component of connective tissue.
Following are the symptoms of Systemic Sclerosis (Scleroderma)
- hair loss
- calcium deposits, or white lumps under the skin
- small dilated blood vessels under the skin’s surface
- joint pain
- shortness of breath
- a dry cough
- difficulty swallowing
- esophageal reflux
- abdominal bloating after meals
Malnutrition (Nutritional Deficiencies)
In conclusion, nutritional deficiency occurs when the body doesn’t get the necessary amount of a nutrient from food.
Following are the Symptoms of Malnutrition
- digestion problems
- brittle hair and hair loss
- skin disorders
- stunted or defective bone growth
Celiac disease is a digestive disorder caused by an abnormal immune reaction to gluten.
Gluten is a protein found in foods made with wheat, barley, rye, and triticale.
Gluten intolerance, also known as gluten sensitivity, is characterized by the body’s inability to digest or break down gluten.
Following are the Celiac disease symptoms
Adults with celiac disease may experience digestive symptoms. These symptoms may include the following ailments:
- iron-deficiency anemia
- joint pain and stiffness
- weak, brittle bones
- hair loss
- skin disorders
- numbness and tingling in the hands and feet
- tooth discoloration or loss of enamel
- pale sores inside the mouth
- irregular menstrual periods
- infertility and miscarriage
Also, some people with celiac disease have no symptoms at all.
Bamboo Hair (Trichorrhexis Invaginata)
Bamboo hair is a hair shaft abnormality that causes the hair strands to look like the knots in a bamboo stalk. Normal, healthy hair strands appear smooth under a microscope. But, bamboo hair appears to contain nodules (bumps) or evenly spaced ridges. Trichorrhexis invaginata is another name for this disease.
Bamboo hair can affect hair on top of the head, the eyebrows, and the eyelashes.
Following are the Symptoms of bamboo hair
- hair that breaks easily
- hair strands that have a knotty appearance
- a loss of eyelashes
- a loss of eyebrows
- the sparse hair growth or hair loss pattern causing bald spots
- dry hair
- hair that’s lackluster
- spiky hair
- short hair due to consistent hair breakage
- the hair on the eyebrows that resemble matchsticks
Following are the Symptoms of lichen planus
- purplish-colored lesions or bumps with flat tops on your skin or genitals
- lesions that develop and spread over the body over the course of several weeks or a few months
- itching at the site of the rash
- lacy-white lesions in the mouth, which may be painful or cause a burning sensation
Adrenal glands produce many of the hormones that your body needs for normal functions. This disease occurs when the adrenal cortex is damaged. The adrenal glands do not produce enough of the steroid hormones cortisol and aldosterone.
These adrenal glands are located on top of your kidneys Cortisol regulates the body’s reaction to stressful situations.
Following are the Symptoms of Addison’s Disease
- weakness in the muscles
- fatigue and tiredness
- darkening in skin color
- weight loss or decreased appetite
- a decrease in heart rate or blood pressure
- low blood sugar levels
- fainting spells
- sores in the mouth
- cravings for salt
- irritability or depression
Subsequently, if Addison’s disease goes untreated for too long, it can become an Addisonian crisis.
Hodgkin’s disease (HD) is a type of lymphoma, which is a blood cancer that starts in the lymphatic system. The lymphatic system helps the immune system get rid of waste and fight infections.
As this disease progresses, it makes more difficult for your body to fight infections.
Following are the Symptoms of Hodgkin’s disease
- hair loss
- night sweats
- itchy skin
- unintended weight loss
- swelling of the lymph nodes.
- persistent cough, trouble breathing, chest pain
- enlarged spleen